Uncontrolled growth of cells in any part of the body is the major cause of cancer. These cells get divided as per the requirement of the body, but when it grows continuously it takes the form of cancer. Similarly, uncontrolled growth in breast cells is the main cause of breast cancer. Constant growth in cells collects and forms a lump, which is called a cancerous tumor.
If breast cancer is detected in the first or second phase, it is possible to treat it at the right time. But finding out about this also depends on your awareness. If you are aware of the level of cancer, then by identifying its symptoms, you can treat it at the right time. Let's first know the common causes of breast cancer -
Breast Cancer Symptoms
The most common symptom of breast cancer can be seen as a lump in the breast or armpit area or a thick tissue in the breast.
Other breast cancer symptoms include:
Constant pain in the breast or armpit area that does not depend on the menstrual cycle
Reddening of breast skin
Rash on one or both nipples
Change in breast size or shape
Fluid discharge from the nipple that may contain blood
Scaling, peeling, or blinking of skin on breast or nipple
If you get breast lumps, don't panic, most breast lumps are not cancerous. However, if there is any lump on the breast, it is necessary to go to the doctor for examination.
Causes of Breast Cancer
The exact cause of how breast cancer occurs is still unclear but some risk factors make it more likely. Risk factors under your control must be stopped.
Age: The risk of breast cancer increases with age.
Genetics: If a blood relative has or has had breast cancer, the person is more likely to develop breast cancer.
History of breast cancer or breast lumps: Women who were previously diagnosed with breast cancer are more likely to develop the disease.
Dense breast tissue: Women with more dense breasts need to be more vigilant as they are more likely to get a diagnosis of breast cancer.
Exposure to estrogen and lactation: Extended exposure to estrogen increases breast cancer risk.
Bodyweight: Women who are overweight after menopause may also have a higher chance of developing breast cancer, possibly due to higher estrogen levels.
Alcohol consumption: Regular and high amounts of alcohol consumption play a role in the development of breast cancer. Studies by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) have consistently found that women who consume alcohol have a higher risk of breast cancer than those who do not.
Radiation risk: Undergoing chemotherapy for different cancer may increase the risk of developing breast cancer later in life.
Hormone treatment: According to NCI studies, taking oral contraception may slightly increase the risk of breast cancer.
Please note that some women may develop breast cancer without any risk factors. Having a risk factor does not mean that you will get the disease, and not all risk factors will have the same effect.
What does a Breast Reconstruction Surgeon in Amritsar do?
After a mastectomy, a surgery in which the entire breast is removed, usually due to cancer, a breast reconstruction surgeon reconstructs the breasts. If the second breast is left, or they are distressed by the aesthetic and psychological effects of the mastectomy, the patient may choose to restore the symmetry for this procedure. When a mastectomy due to cancer is conducted, oncologists and breast reconstruction surgeons in Amritsar can coordinate to reduce the risk of recurrence while optimizing the conditions for reconstruction. This can increase the likelihood of successful cosmetic surgery in addition to helping the patient remain cancer-free.
Breast cancer patients who think they want a reconstruction may be encouraged to discuss it before mastectomy. There are some measures that a surgeon can do to preserve the skin and tissue that will make it easier to rebuild the breast. Depending on the type of cancer, a breast reconstruction surgeon in Amritsar may be present in a mastectomy to perform some initial steps, such as transplanting a tissue expander. These devices can be inflated slowly over time to encourage the skin to stretch and expand, creating a flap of skin that can be used in the reconstruction.
One or more surgeries may be necessary, depending on how the initial mastectomy is handled and the specifics of the patient's case. Breast reconstruction surgeons may use tissue grafts for implants to reconstruct breast size. The nipples are rearranged or formed if necessary. In surgery, measures to increase symmetry can also be taken, such as lifting the intact breast so that it matches visually. All these options can be discussed before the patient goes into surgery.